(see below for update)
Almost 2 years ago, I posted the following on
rsync command is slow when I'm not connected to the internet
Since then, I'd simply dealt with the issue I described. To address it again, it's as follows:
It has the same packages installed, in the same way. The build scripts for my VM and my EC2 instance are pretty similar. The goal of this being to minimize technical differences between my development and production environments.
So while I'm in Coda, every time I make a change to
some code, I hit a keyboard-shortcut which runs a Code Plugin that I created.
This plugin runs an
rsync command which pushes the contents of one directory
on my OSX file system to the
/var/www/ directory on the VMs. Here's the
rsync --delete --archive --quiet --compress --exclude '.svn' --exclude \ '.git' --exclude '.DS_Store' --exclude '.' --exclude '..' --exclude \ '.localized' --exclude 'thumbs.db' --exclude 'apc.php' --exclude '*/tmp/*' \ --exclude '*/application/webroot/uploads/*' --exclude '*/wp-content/*' \ /Users/onassar/Sites/ firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/www/;
Looks normal enough.
Execute that command with the
--verbose --stats --progress flags, and you can
see everything come through. The time it takes, which files were synced over,
But the purpose of this post? When I'm traveling and don't have an internet connection, I still want to develop. When I try executing that plugin, with it's rsync command, the command takes ages. It's slow, and goes from an average range of 100ms - 400ms to 5,000ms - 10,000ms.
For a while, I assumed it was the rsync command that was the issue, but then today, I was reminded that simply sshing into the virtual machine causes the same slowness and latency. So I googled:
ssh slow when no internet connection parallels
And stumbled onto this:
SSH login slow (DNS works okay)
Someone is having a similar issue, and the suggestion goes something like
When you ssh into a machine, a reverse-DNS lookup is performed against the IP address that you are connecting from. I haven't looked into the reasoning for this, but I'm sure it makes sense. This would naturally not work since I don't have a connection to the internet (SSH seems to presume that there is an internet connection when an SSH request is received).
Their suggestion as a workaround? Create an
/etc/hosts record (on the VM) that
points the IP address that they're trying to do the reverse-DNS lookup against
to the local machine; thereby bypassing the internet-lookup, which would
In my case, this amounts to my OSX (which has an address of
being routed to the localhost with a rule that looks like so:
Boom. Speedy as can be.
While I haven't thought too far down the line of what may go wrong if I route all traffic to my OSX connection back to the VMs, I don't think it'd be anything too problematic. After all, this web server is reliant on incoming connections.
My first thought was that I could change my VMs configuration to prevent reverse-DNS lookups upon an initiated connection.
I may look into this when I have a bit more time and post the results here. I think it's a nicer solution than the workaround I've stumbled upon here.
I've removed the
/etc/hosts record, and edited the
ssh config file by adding
the following flag at the end of the file:
To then restart the
ssh engine, I ran the following:
sudo service ssh restart
This removes the reverse-DNS lookup upon an initiated connection.